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Third Meeting of the Women's Peace Dialogue

From June 26 - 30, 2017, the third meeting of the Women's Peace Dialogue took place at Schlaining Castle, at the Austrian Center for Peace and Conflict Resolution. Women-peacemakers from 13 countries met in the center.

The main goal of the event was to contribute to a new round of implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325:  "Women, Peace, Security", relying on own living experiences. The participation of NGOs from Kazakhstan at this meeting is important, since after the collapse of the USSR in Kazakhstan, as in all post-Soviet Central Asian countries, what has become known as the "Islamic Revival" began to be observed. Today, the "Islamic revival" is:

  • an increase in the number of believers among "ethnic Muslims" and those nations and nationalities for which Islam was not a traditional religion,
  • a sharp increase in the number of mosques and the entire infrastructure of Islam (educational institutions, etc.),
  • expansion of the information and propaganda capabilities of Islamic organizations and associations
  • Despite of the background of the revival of traditional Islam in Kazakhstan, another trend has emerged that could destabilize the socio-political situation: the spread of radical and fundamentalist Islamic movements that have taken the form of religious extremism today.This phenomenon enveloped the entire Middle East with a network of its current, gradually spread to Transcaucasia and actively penetrates into the countries of Central Asia. In the light of the events of summer 2011 in Western Kazakhstan, we see a real threat of the development of this trend. The tragic events in Aktyubinsk, Atyrau, Mangistau oblasts in Kazakhstan show us that the globalization of the activities of various extremist organizations is also observed in Kazakhstan.

Today, civil society plays an increasingly important role not only in the protection of human rights in general, but also in the prevention of conflicts and terrorism. The civil society is essential for this process, thanks to its knowledge of the zones of possible conflict and activity in these zones.

It should be noted that one of the reasons for the destabilization of the religious situation is, first of all, certain socio-economic preconditions. Unemployment, low incomes, criminalization, the problem of the marginalization of young people, corruption, the weakening of the role of many social and political institutions in society: all contribute to the problem of social injustice in society and give ground for the preachers of radicalism.

Now, in order to take objective and adequate measures, first of all, it is necessary to understand the fact that, unfortunately, the threat of extremism and terrorism is gaining momentum and increases.

Trained women peacekeepers are needed in Kazakhstan, as they serve as an example for the local population: inspiring women and girls living in a society dominated by men to fight for their rights and participate in peace processes.

The activities of women in Kazakhstan in all spheres - police, armed forces and civil services - have a positive impact on peacekeeping operations both in terms of expanding the role of women in peacebuilding and in protecting women's rights.

The presence of women peacekeepers can also:

  • contribute to the mitigation of conflict and confrontation;
  • Improve opportunities for access and support for local women;
  • serve as a role model for women in communities;
  • strengthen the sense of security of the local population, including women and children;
  • expand the range of professional skills within the framework of the peacekeeping mission.

The tasks of gender policy in Kazakhstan include achieving balanced participation of women and men in power structures, creating conditions for equal exercise of rights and duties in the family, and freedom from gender-based violence.

Obviously, this is a sign of time. It is clear that in the future, women's rights will significantly expand. Their role in society and the role of women's capacity building will increase. The female potential covers: the level of women's health, the length of their lives, the level of education (set of abilities, knowledge, skills and abilities), income level, and what is most important-gender and peacekeeping issues, which were laid down in resolution 1325 Of the UN Security Council. But for this, every effort should be made to preserve peace, security and the protection of human rights.